There are many different types of editors and editing, some of which can be easily confused with each other.  Some editors have a wide variety of editorial skills and some are specialists.

Here are some basic book editing terms to help highlight the differences.

Substantive or Structural Editing

Clarifying and/or reorganizing a manuscript for content and structure. Changes may be suggested to or drafted for the author.

Stylistic Editing

Clarifying meaning, eliminating jargon, smoothing language and other non-mechanical line-by-line editing.  May also be referred to as line by line editing.

Copy Editing

Editing for grammar, spelling, punctuation and other mechanics of style; checking for consistency of mechanics and internal consistency of facts.
"Copy editing" is often loosely used to include stylistic and even structural editing, fact checking and mark-up. This is not the correct definition.


Reading proofs of edited manuscript. Galley proofing may include incorporating and/or exercising discretion on author's alterations.

If you are an editor looking for clients, Bookstore Without Borders can help.  Our authors, especially our independent authors are in the market for your editing skills.  Bookstore Without Borders can help connect you with those who need your services.

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